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Binds

Table of Contents

Basic

bind=MODS,key,dispatcher,params

for example,

bind=SUPER_SHIFT,Q,exec,firefox

will bind opening firefox to SUPER + SHIFT + Q

For binding keys without a modkey, leave it empty:

bind=,Print,exec,grim

For a complete mod list, see Variables.

The dispatcher list can be found in Dispatchers.

Uncommon syms / binding with a keycode

See the xkbcommon-keysyms.h header for all the keysyms. The name you should use is the one after XKB_KEY_, written in all lowercase.

If you are unsure of what your key’s name is, you can use xev or wev to find that information.

If you want to bind by a keycode, you can just input it in the KEY position, e.g.:

bind=SUPER,28,exec,amongus

Will bind SUPER + T. (T is keycode 28.) - You can also use xev or wev to find keycodes.

Misc

Unbind

You can also unbind with unbind, e.g.:

unbind=SUPER,O

May be useful for dynamic keybindings with hyprctl.

hyprctl keyword unbind SUPER,O

Mouse buttons

You can also bind mouse buttons, by prefacing the mouse keycode with mouse:, for example:

bind=SUPER,mouse:272,exec,amongus

will bind it to SUPER + LMB.

Only modkeys

For binding only modkeys, you need to use the TARGET modmask (with the activating mod) and the r flag, e.g.:

bindr=SUPERALT,Alt_L,exec,amongus

Mouse wheel

You can also bind the mouse wheel with mouse_up and mouse_down:

bind=SUPER,mouse_down,workspace,e-1

(control the reset time with binds:scroll_event_delay)

Switches

Useful for binding e.g. the lid close/open event:

# trigger when the switch is toggled
bindl=,switch:[switch name],exec,swaylock
# trigger when the switch is turning on
bindl=,switch:on:[switch name],exec,hyprctl keyword monitor "eDP-1, 2560x1600, 0x0, 1"
# trigger when the switch is turning off
bindl=,switch:off:[switch name],exec,hyprctl keyword monitor "eDP-1, disable"

check out your switches in hyprctl devices.

Multiple binds to one key

You can trigger multiple actions with one keybind by assigning multiple binds to one combination, e.g.:

# to switch between windows in a floating workspace
bind = SUPER,Tab,cyclenext,          # change focus to another window
bind = SUPER,Tab,bringactivetotop,   # bring it to the top

The keybinds will be executed in the order they were created. (top to bottom)

Bind flags

bind supports flags in this format:

bind[flags]=...

e.g.:

bindrl=MOD,KEY,exec,amongus

Flags:

l -> locked, aka. works also when an input inhibitor (e.g. a lockscreen) is active
r -> release, will trigger on release of a key
e -> repeat, will repeat when held.
m -> mouse, see below

Example Usage:

# Example volume button that allows press and hold
binde=, XF86AudioRaiseVolume, exec, wpctl set-volume @[email protected] 5%+

# Example volume button that will activate even while an input inhibitor is active
bindl=, XF86AudioLowerVolume, exec, wpctl set-volume @[email protected] 5%-

# Start wofi opens wofi on first press, closes it on second
bindr=SUPER, SUPER_L, exec, pkill wofi || wofi

# See Mouse Binds section for bindm usage

Mouse Binds

Mouse binds are binds that heavily rely on a mouse, usually its movement. They will have one less arg, and look for example like this:

bindm=ALT,mouse:272,movewindow

this will create a bind with ALT + LMB to move the window with your mouse.

Available mouse binds:

NameDescription
movewindowmoves the active window
resizewindowresizes the active window

Common mouse buttons’ codes:

LMB -> 272
RMB -> 273

for more, you can of course use wev to check.

Mouse binds, despite their name, behave like normal binds. You are free to use whatever keys / mods you please. When held, the mouse function will be activated.

Binding mods

You can bind a mod alone like this:

bindr=ALT,Alt_L,exec,amongus

Global Keybinds

Yes, you heard this right, Hyprland does support global keybinds for ALL apps, including OBS, Discord, Firefox, etc.

See the pass dispatcher for keybinds.

Let’s take OBS as an example: the “Start/Stop Recording” keybind is set to SUPER + F10, and you want to make it work globally.

Simply add

bind = SUPER,F10,pass,^(com\.obsproject\.Studio)$

to your config and you’re done.

pass will pass the PRESS and RELEASE events by itself, no need for a bindr. This also means that push-to-talk will work flawlessly with one pass, e.g.:

bind=,mouse:276,pass,^(TeamSpeak 3)$

Will pass MOUSE5 to TeamSpeak3.

XWayland is a bit wonky. Make sure that what you’re passing is a “global Xorg keybind”, otherwise passing from a different XWayland app may not work.

It works flawlessly with all native Wayland applications though.

Side note: OBS on Wayland really dislikes keybinds with modifiers. If they don’t work, try removing mods and binding them to e.g. F1. Combining this with a submap should yield neat and usable results.

Submaps

If you want keybind submaps, also known as modes or groups, for example if you press ALT + R, you can enter a “resize” mode, resize with arrow keys, and leave with escape, do it like this:

# will switch to a submap called resize
bind=ALT,R,submap,resize

# will start a submap called "resize"
submap=resize

# sets repeatable binds for resizing the active window
binde=,right,resizeactive,10 0
binde=,left,resizeactive,-10 0
binde=,up,resizeactive,0 -10
binde=,down,resizeactive,0 10

# use reset to go back to the global submap
bind=,escape,submap,reset 

# will reset the submap, meaning end the current one and return to the global one
submap=reset

# keybinds further down will be global again...

IMPORTANT: do not forget a keybind to reset the keymap while inside it! (In this case, escape)

If you get stuck inside a keymap, you can use hyprctl dispatch submap reset to go back. If you do not have a terminal open, tough luck buddy. You have been warned.

You can also set the same keybind to perform multiple actions, such as resize and close the submap, like so:

bind=ALT,R,submap,resize

submap=resize

bind=,right,resizeactive,10 0
bind=,right,submap,reset
# ...

submap=reset

This works because the binds are executed in the order they appear, and assigning multiple actions per bind is possible.