Using hyprctl

Using hyprctl

hyprctl is a utility for controlling some parts of the compositor from a CLI or a script. If you install with make install, or any package, it should automatically be installed.

To check if hyprctl is installed, simply execute it by issuing hyprctl in the terminal.

If it’s not, go to the repo root and /hyprctl. Issue a make all and then sudo cp ./hyprctl /usr/bin.

⚠️

hyprctl calls will be dispatched by the compositor synchronously, meaning any spam of the utility will cause slowdowns. It’s recommended to use --batch for many control calls, and limiting the amount of info calls.

For live event handling, see the socket2.

Commands

dispatch

Issue a dispatch to call a keybind dispatcher with an arg.

An arg has to be present, for dispatchers without parameters it can be anything.

To pass an argument starting with - or --, such as command line options to exec programs, pass -- as an option. This will disable any subsequent parsing of options by hyprctl.

Examples:

hyprctl dispatch exec kitty

hyprctl dispatch -- exec kitty --single-instance

hyprctl dispatch pseudo x

Returns: ok on success, an error message on fail.

See Dispatchers for a list of dispatchers.

keyword

issue a keyword to call a config keyword dynamically.

Examples:

hyprctl keyword bind SUPER,O,pseudo

hyprctl keyword general:border_size 10

hyprctl keyword monitor DP-3,1920x1080@144,0x0,1

Returns: ok on success, an error message on fail.

reload

Issue a reload to force reload the config.

kill

Issue a kill to get into a kill mode, where you can kill an app by clicking on it. You can exit it with ESCAPE.

Kind of like xkill.

setcursor

Sets the cursor theme and reloads the cursor manager. Will set the theme for everything except GTK, because GTK.

Please note that since 0.37.0, this only accepts hyprcursor themes. For legacy xcursor themes, use the XCURSOR_THEME and XCURSOR_SIZE env vars.

params: theme and size

e.g.:

hyprctl setcursor Bibata-Modern-Classic 24

output

Allows you to add and remove fake outputs to your preferred backend.

params: create or remove and backend or name respectively.

For create:

pass a backend name: wayland, x11, headless or auto. On a real hyprland session, if you’re looking for a VNC / RDP type thing, it’s 99% going to be headless.

For remove:

pass the output’s name, as found in hyprctl monitors. Please be aware you are not allowed to remove real displays with this command.

e.g.:

# will create a 1920x1080 headless display, for example to use with RDP.
hyprctl output create headless

# will remove the above display, provided its name was HEADLESS-1
hyprctl output remove HEADLESS-1

switchxkblayout

Sets the xkb layout index for a keyboard.

For example, if you set:

device {
    name=my-epic-keyboard-v1
    kb_layout=us,pl,de
}

You can use this command to switch between them.

hyprctl switchxkblayout [DEVICE] [CMD]

where CMD is either next for next, prev for previous, or ID for a specific one (in the above case, us: 0, pl: 1, de: 2). You can find the DEVICE using hyprctl devices command.

Example command for a typical keyboard:

hyprctl switchxkblayout at-translated-set-2-keyboard next
ℹ️

If you want a single variant ie. pl/dvorak on one layout but us/qwerty on the other, xkb parameters can still be blank, however the amount of comma-separated parameters have to match. Alternatively, a single parameter can be specified for it to apply to all three.

input {
    kb_layout = pl,us,ru
    kb_variant = dvorak,,
    kb_options = caps:ctrl_modifier
}

seterror

Sets the hyprctl error string. Will reset when Hyprland’s config is reloaded.

hyprctl seterror 'rgba(66ee66ff)' hello world this is my problem

To disable:

hyprctl seterror disable

setprop

Sets a window prop. Can be locked by adding lock at the end. If lock is not added, will be unlocked. Locking means a dynamic windowrule cannot override this setting.

Prop List:

propcomment
animationstylestring, cannot be locked
roundingint, -1 means not overriden
bordersizeint, -1 means not overriden
forcenoblur0/1
forceopaque0/1
forceopaqueoverriden0/1
forceallowsinput0/1, forceinput rule
forcenoanims0/1
forcenoborder0/1
forcenodim0/1
forcenoshadow0/1
nofocus0/1
windowdancecompat0/1
nomaxsize0/1
minsizevec2 (x y)
maxsizevec2 (x y)
dimaround0/1
keepaspectratio0/1
alphaoverride0/1, makes the next setting be override instead of multiply
alphafloat 0.0 - 1.0
alphainactiveoverride0/1, makes the next setting be override instead of multiply
alphainactivefloat 0.0 - 1.0
alphafullscreenoverride0/1, makes the next setting be override instead of multiply
alphafullscreenfloat 0.0 - 1.0
activebordercolorgradient, -1 means not set
inactivebordercolorgradient, -1 means not set
hyprctl setprop address:0x13371337 forcenoanims 1 lock  # with locking
hyprctl setprop address:0x13371337 nomaxsize 0          # without locking

notify

Sends a notification using the built-in Hyprland notification system.

hyprctl notify [ICON] [TIME_MS] [COLOR] [MESSAGE]

For example:

hyprctl notify -1 10000 "rgb(ff1ea3)" "Hello everyone!"

Icon of -1 means “No icon”

Color of 0 means “Default color for icon”

Icon list:

WARNING = 0
INFO = 1
HINT = 2
ERROR = 3
CONFUSED = 4
OK = 5

Optionally, you can specify a font size of the notification like so:

hyprctl notify -1 10000 "rgb(ff0000)" "fontsize:35 This text is big"

The default font-size is 13.

dismissnotify

Dismisses all or up to AMOUNT notifications.

hyprctl dismissnotify # dismiss all notifications
hyprctl dismissnotify 2 # dismiss the oldest 2 notifications
hyprctl dismissnotify -1 # dismiss all notifications (same as no arguments)

Info

version - prints the Hyprland version along with flags, commit and branch of build.
monitors - lists active outputs with their properties, 'monitors all' lists active and inactive outputs
workspaces - lists all workspaces with their properties
activeworkspace - gets the active workspace and its properties
workspacerules - gets the list of defined workspace rules
clients - lists all windows with their properties
devices - lists all connected keyboards and mice
decorations [window] - lists all decorations and their info
binds - lists all registered binds
activewindow - gets the active window name and its properties
layers - lists all the layers
splash - prints the current random splash
getoption [option] - gets the config option status (values)
cursorpos - gets the current cursor position in global layout coordinates
animations - gets the currently configured info about animations and beziers
instances - lists all running instances of Hyprland with their info
layouts - lists all layouts available (including from plugins)
configerrors - lists all current config parsing errors
rollinglog - prints tail of the log

For the getoption command, the option name should be written as section:option, e.g.:

hyprctl getoption general:border_size

# For nested sections:
hyprctl getoption input:touchpad:disable_while_typing

See Variables for sections and options you can use.

Batch

You can also use --batch to specify a batch of commands to execute.

e.g.

hyprctl --batch "keyword general:border_size 2 ; keyword general:gaps_out 20"

; separates the commands

Flags

You can specify flags for the request like this:

hyprctl -j monitors

flag list:

j -> output in JSON
i -> select instance (id or index in hyprctl instances)