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This page documents a few advanced things about the Hyprland Plugin API.

Using Function Hooks

Function hooks are only available on AMD64 (x86_64). Attempting to hook on any other arch will make Hyprland simply ignore your hooking attempt.

Function hooks are intimidating at first, but when used properly can be extremely powerful.

Function hooks allow you to intercept any call to the function you hook.

Let’s look at a simple example:

void Events::listener_monitorFrame(void* owner, void* data)

will be the function we want to hook. Events:: is a namespace, not a class, so this is just a plain function.

// make a global instance of a hook class for this hook
inline CFunctionHook* g_pMonitorFrameHook = nullptr;
// create a pointer typedef for the function we are hooking.
typedef void (*origMonitorFrame)(void*, void*);

// our hook
void hkMonitorFrame(void* owner, void* data) {
    (*(origMonitorFrame)g_pMonitorFrameHook->m_pOriginal)(owner, data);
}

APICALL EXPORT PLUGIN_DESCRIPTION_INFO PLUGIN_INIT(HANDLE handle) {
    // stuff...

    // create the hook
    static const auto METHODS = HyprlandAPI::findFunctionsByName(PHANDLE, "listener_monitorFrame");
    g_pMonitorFrameHook = HyprlandAPI::createFunctionHook(handle, METHODS[0].address, (void*)&hkMonitorFrame);

    // init the hook
    g_pMonitorFrameHook->hook();

    // further stuff...
}

We have just made a hook. Now, whenever Hyprland calls Events::listener_monitorFrame, our hook will be called instead!

This way, you can run code before / after the function, modify the inputs or results, or even block the function from executing.

CFunctionHook can also be unhooked whenever you please. Just run unhook(). It can be rehooked later by calling hook() again.

Member functions

For members, e.g. CCompositor::focusWindow(CWindow*, wlr_surface*) you will also need to add the thisptr argument to your hook:

typedef void (*origFocusWindow)(void*, CWindow*, wlr_surface*);

void hkFocusWindow(void* thisptr, CWindow* pWindow, wlr_surface* pSurface) {
    // stuff...

    // and if you want to call the original...
    (*(origFocusWindow)g_pFocusWindowHook->m_pOriginal)(thisptr, pWindow, pSurface);
}

APICALL EXPORT PLUGIN_DESCRIPTION_INFO PLUGIN_INIT(HANDLE handle) {
    // stuff...

    static const auto METHODS = HyprlandAPI::findFunctionsByName(PHANDLE, "focusWindow");
    g_pFocusWindowHook = HyprlandAPI::createFunctionHook(handle, METHODS[0].address, (void*)&hkFocusWindow);
    g_pFocusWindowHook->hook();

    // further stuff...
}
Please note method lookups are slow and should not be used often. The entries will not change during runtime, so it’s a good idea to make the lookups static.

Why use findFunctionsByName?

Why use that instead of e.g. &CCompositor::focusWindow? Two reasons:

1 - less breakage. Whenever someone updates hyprland, that address might become invalid. findFunctionsByName is more resilient. As long as the function exists, it will be found.

2 - error handling. The method array contains, besides the address, the signatures. You can verify those to make 100% sure you got the right function, or throw an error if it was not found.

Using the config

You can register config values in the PLUGIN_INIT function:

APICALL EXPORT PLUGIN_DESCRIPTION_INFO PLUGIN_INIT(HANDLE handle) {
    // stuff...
    
    HyprlandAPI::addConfigValue(PHANDLE, "plugin:example:exampleInt", SConfigValue{.intValue = 1});

    // further stuff...
}

Plugin variables must be in the plugins: category. Further categories are up to you. It’s generally a good idea to group all variables from your plugin in a subcategory with the plugin name, e.g. plugins:myPlugin:variable1.

For retrieving the values, call HyprlandAPI::getConfigValue.

Please remember that the pointer to your config value will never change after PLUGIN_INIT, so to greatly optimize performance, make it static:

static auto* const MYVAR      = &HyprlandAPI::getConfigValue(PHANDLE, "plugin:myPlugin:variable1")->intValue;

Further

Read the API at src/plugins/PluginAPI.hpp, check out the official plugins.

And, most importantly, have fun!